“The given name Eric, Erik, or Erick is derived from the Old Norse name Eiríkr (or Eríkr in Eastern Scandinavia due to monophthongization). The first element, ei- is derived either from the older Proto-Norse *aina, meaning “one, alone, unique”, as in the form Æinrikr explicitly, or from *aiwa “long time, eternity”. The second element -ríkr stems either from *ríks “king, ruler” (cf. Gothic reiks) or from the therefrom derived *ríkijaz “kingly, powerful, rich”. The name is thus usually taken to mean “sole ruler, autocrat” or “eternal ruler, ever powerful.”
“Roth is an English, German, or Jewish origin surname. There are seven theories:
- the spilling of blood from the warrior class of ancient Germanic Deutsch soldier.
- ethnic name for an Anglo-Saxon, derived from rot (meaning “red” in pre-7th century), referencing red-haired people.
- topographical name, derived from rod (meaning “wood”), referencing a dweller in such a location.
- derivative from hroth (from the Proto-Germanic word for “fame”; related to hrod).
- locale name for 18th century Ashkenazi refugees to Germany.
- derivative from roe in the ancient Danish language to signify (of) a king.
- of the red colour of clay, as in pottery (Deutsch).
Roth is not a Hebrew surname. Its origins are in the Northern Hemisphere, and it is a common name in Scotland and other English speaking countries as well as in German speaking countries. For historic reasons, the Jewish people merely adopted various established names, many of which were common amongst non-Jewish people in their respective countries. The first English-language historic record of the surname ‘Roth’ appeared in the United Kingdom in Colchester and Essex public records in 1346.”