HTML, CSS, JS & Co.

Ever wanted to write and maintain your own web page but were lost in translation? Let me briefly introduce you to how it works and what you need to consider. Basically, there are three points to think of:

1. Domain

Get a domain and register it: (world wide web).your-domain.(top-level domain). Mine is: ericroth.org whereas .org is my chosen top level domain in the domain name system.

To such a hosted domain, you then upload your website content. This content, you first write in a combination of the following:

2. Your side

For basics, you’ll need to learn a bit about the code languages HTML to define the content of web pages, CSS to specify the layout of web pages and JavaScript to program the behavior of web pages. Try and play around in these popular sandboxes: Codepen and Jsfiddle.

HTML & CSS

  • With HTML (5 currently being the latest evolution) you can create your own Web site.
  • CSS (3 currently being the latest evolution) is a language that describes the style of an HTML document. CSS describes how HTML elements should be displayed.
  • W3.CSS is a modern CSS framework with built-in responsiveness:
    • Smaller and faster than other CSS frameworks.
    • Uses standard CSS only (No jQuery or JavaScript library).
    • Speeds up and simplifies web development.
    • Supports modern responsive design (mobile first) by default.
    • Provides CSS equality for all browsers. Chrome, Firefox, IE, Safari, and more.
    • Provides CSS equality for all devices. PC, laptop, tablet, and mobile.

JavaScript

  • JavaScript (JS) is the programming language of HTML and the Web.
  • jQuery is a JavaScript Library. jQuery greatly simplifies JavaScript programming.
  • AngularJS extends HTML with new attributes. AngularJS is perfect for Single Page Applications (SPAs).
  • JSON (JavaScript Object Notation) is a syntax for storing and exchanging data, it is text, written with JavaScript object notation.
  • With AJAX (the search fields in this site are AJAX driven; no need to hit enter), you can:
    • Read data from a web server – after the page has loaded.
    • Update a web page without reloading the page.
    • Send data to a web server – in the background.
  • W3.JS is a modern JavaScript library for modern HTML applications:
    • Smaller and faster than other JavaScript libraries.
    • Designed to speed up application development.
    • Designed for all devices: PC, tablet, and mobile.
  • AppML stands for Application Modeling Language. AppML runs in any HTML page. No installation is required. AppML is a tool for bringing data to HTML applications:
    • From objects
    • From files
    • From databases

3. Server side

  • SQL is a standard language for storing, manipulating and retrieving data in databases.
  • PHP is a server scripting language, and a powerful tool for making dynamic and interactive Web pages.
  • ASP stands for Active Server Pages. ASP is a development framework for building web pages.
  • Node.js is an open source server framework. Node.js allows you to run JavaScript on the server.

Keep it simple

TemplateTo ease your life, you may opt for one of the web-hosting services featuring a drag-and-drop website builder. They also include the hosting of your domain and website. Do some search – there are plenty of them around and most of them are free of charge up to a certain limit of features.

If you dare do some of your own web page writing though, you may choose one of these templates and adapt them to your own need and taste. Here again, you host by yourself or have it hosted with an appropriate service.

Once live: Testing

Make sure your website works the way it should or at least you want it to. Here are some very useful online testing tools for your perusal:

Valid CSS! I have put this site to the tests and it validates meaning that I have taken the care to create an interoperable web site.

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