A former military fortress composed of citadel and adjacent walled garrison town of Litoměřice District, Terezin (German: Theresienstadt) is located in the Ústí nad Labem Region of the Czech Republic.
Terezín is a fortress built by the Enlightenment ruler Josef II and although the building named after his mother Maria Theresa was supposed to be used for defence, it paradoxically became infamous first of all as a prison, and later during World War II as a Jewish ghetto and concentration camp.
Theresienstadt Concentration Camp, also referred to as Theresienstadt Ghetto, was a concentration camp established by the SS during World War II and German-occupied Czechoslovakia time.
Tens of thousands of people died there, some killed outright and others dying from malnutrition and disease. More than 150,000 other persons (including tens of thousands of children) were held there for months or years, before being sent by rail transports to their deaths at Treblinka and Auschwitz extermination camps in occupied Poland, as well as to smaller camps elsewhere.
See also: Terezin: Children Of The Holocaust.
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The Czech Republic in Central Europe is a country that’s known for its ornate castles, native beers and long history.
Prague, the capital, is home to grand 9th-century Prague Castle, a preserved medieval old town and statue-lined Charles Bridge. Český Krumlov, a small town in the South Bohemia region, is notable for its wealth of Gothic, Renaissance and Baroque buildings.
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