The mountain village Mathon (Romansh: Maton) is a municipality in the Viamala Region in the Swiss canton of Graubünden, first mentioned about 840 as in Mentaune. The neighbour village Lohn is first mentioned in mid-12th Century as Laune and Lune. In 1219 it was mentioned as de Laone.
Mathon has an area, of 15.1 km2 (5.8 sq mi). Of this area, 66.3% is used for agricultural purposes, while 10% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 1.4% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (22.3%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains). Lohn has an area, as of 2006, of 8.1 km2 (3.1 sq mi). Of this area, 56.5% is used for agricultural purposes, while 35% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 1.5% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (7%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).
Before 2017, the municipalites were located in the Schams sub-district, of the Hinterrhein district, after 2017 they have been part of the Viamala Region. Both villages are a so-called “Haufendorf” (an irregular, unplanned and quite closely packed village, built around a central square) at an elevation of 1,521 m (Mathon), resp. 1,582 m (Lohn) in the center of the upper Schamserberg region.
As of 31 December 2016, Mathon has had a population of approx. 50 nationals and over the last 10 years the population has decreased at a rate of 14.1%. Lohn has a population of approx. 45 and over the last 10 years the population has decreased at a rate of 10.7%.
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Switzerland is a mountainous Central European country, home to numerous lakes, villages and the high peaks of the Alps. Its cities contain landmarks like capital Bern’s Zytglogge clock tower and Lucerne’s wooden chapel bridge.
The country is also known for its ski resorts and hiking trails. Banking and finance are key industries, and Swiss watches and chocolate are world renowned.
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